Cannabis sativa is a long, narrow herbaceous plant. Sativa cannabis strains are found in hot, dry climates with sunny long days like Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, and western portions of Asia. It has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years to make food, medicine, oil, industrial fiber, and for recreational, spiritual, and religious purposes. Cannabis sativa has a high THC level and produces a cerebral high.
There are three primary reasons people cultivated cannabis sativa. People prize its long stems for making fiber for rope, bags, and clothing. They also grow it to get the seeds which can be used as a food source or pressed into hemp oil which has a wide variety of uses. Cannabis sativa is also used by many for recreation and medicine. While the seeds are also used to make feed for birds, the leaves, stems, and flowers with their high cannabinoid content are eaten, vaporized or smoked for spiritual, medicinal, and recreational reasons. Tinctures, ointments, and teas made with the herb have long been used for healing in the East. In India, cannabis sativa is grown and used for its hypnotic, hallucinogenic, analgesic, sedative, and anti-inflammatory effects. The herb’s distinctive smell is the result of the combination of over 100 compounds.